Ferrets are becoming popular household pets. Many Petco locations have ferret displays along their main aisle. They are taking their place alongside dogs and cats as one of the top favorite pets. But they aren’t as easy to feed as a dog or cat. They have fewer options available and some special diet requirements.
One of the main areas people have questions is about ferrets’ diet. What is the best food for a ferret? Some people just buy cat food. However, ferrets have special nutrient requirements. Only certain types of cat food will work. In this post I’ll discuss the best ferret foods and where to find them. First, we will go over ferrets diet and what types of food are best for them. Then we will take an in depth look at the best brands for ferrets. I select a few of the most popular products and debate whether they are worth your money.
5 Best Formulated Diets for Ferrets
There are some pre-packaged ferret diets that comphrensively provide the nutrients your ferret needs. There used to very few options but now there are a more choices in the last couple years. These meet the nutritional needs of a ferret without having to feed them whole prey. The ideal food will have around 35%+ protein and 20% fat calorie wise.
The main thing to watch out for with these is corn, soy, or other plant fillers. Some brands will use these to boost the protein content. Wysong is very expensive but the top of the line for ferret food. It is hard to beat them if you want to feed your ferret a raw diet. The other commercial diet brands aren’t bad and will still keep your ferret healthy.
Other Best Ferret Food – Whole Prey Diets
Some ferret owners will opt to feed their ferrets whole prey. This is feeding a ferret much like their diet would subsist of in the wild. This means feeding the ferret a variety of whole carcasses such as baby chicks and mice/rats. In some countries it is illegal to feed ferrets live whole prey. Therefore, as it is with many reptile owners, ferret owners will feed humanely killed and frozen carcasses by a trustworthy supplier to their ferrets.
Some owners prefer to feed their ferrets, well, something that looks a little like the animal it came from. In this case stick to formulated diets. You can supplement the formulated diets with a bit of meat now and again with a raw egg occasionally. Raw eggs are a great source of protein and healthy fat for your ferret.
What do Ferrets Eat? The Ferret Diet: Meat, Meat, and More Meats
Ferrets are not rodents and they are not dogs. You don’t want to feed a ferret dog food. In the same vein, don’t feed your ferret any type of seed or vegetable mix. Before they were domesticated, ferrets would eat entire small rodents bones and all. That’s right. They would gobble down the fur, organs, and whatever else they could chew or swallow. Very little was wasted that’s for sure. Farmers loved them because they could be trained to defend their land from small rodents.
Ferrets like meat. They are carnivores through-and-through. The thing is, you really shouldn’t be feeding your pet ferret whole live prey. It isn’t very practical. What you can do is feed them food that is suitable and digestible for their unique digestion. Ferrets require a diet high in protein and fat. They do not need very many carbohydrates. Additionally, fibre does not settle well with ferrets, so too much fruit or vegetables may cause digestion problems.
If ferrets are fed the wrong type of foods they can develop a plethora of problems. Specifically diets that contain too much processed and high carb foods can cause issues. A bad diet can lead to bladder stones, gastrointestinal diseases, dental disease, skin disease and even some types of cancer. Keep in mind that ferret teeth are like little daggers. They are exceptional at tearing and cutting meat but not so good at handling large hard foods like a biscuit. Too many harder foods may also accelerate dental disease.
How to Feed your Ferret
On average, ferrets should be fed about 2 to 4 small meals each day. That is the ideal, but sometimes that isn’t always possible. Do your best to stick to regular feeding times. When fed meat, the meat should always be consumed within the hour. If not it should be thrown out. Younger and more active ferrets need to be fed more frequently. About 5 to 6 times a day is the ideal. With older ferrets, it is usually okay to give them constant access to food. They won’t gorge themselves and they will snack throughout the day.
Keep in mind many ferrets like to stash any excess or leftover food. They can get pretty mischievous about their hiding spots too. Don’t be surprised if you find a smelly surprise in your couch if you do not remove leftovers. An alternative is to provide your ferret with an area for their cache. A controlled space for them to stockpile their food. For example, a small plastic box with a hole would do fine.
Alternative Diets – Cat Food and Raw Meat
If you don’t have access to ferret food or can’t afford it the best alternative is a high quality cat food. Ideally, kitten food. It should be used as a last resort and it is a good idea to supplement with treats. Perhaps even a tablespoon of good quality meat based soft kitten food. In this category, Hills Science Diet or Iams are recommended brands.
Feeding your ferret raw meaty bones on the regular is a great idea. Meat off the bone helps keep ferret teeth clean and healthy. Even feeding your ferret a golf ball size lump of raw meet is great for ferrets. Don’t buy the stuff at pet shops labeled “fresh” meat as many of them contain dangerous sulfur preservatives. These types of preservatives are banned in human meat for obvious reasons, but for some reason allowed in pet food. That type of meat at the pet store is usually minced too so it is not as good for the ferret’s teeth.
A wise ferret owner will always keep a supply of treats for their ferret. Ferrets need a lot of training especially when they are younger. Like most animals, positive reinforcement with treats is the most effective method to train them and shower them with love. Keep the treats at a maximum of 10% of the ferrets daily diet. Anything more than that and you are spoiling your ferret!
Raw egg, cooked egg, and pieces of chicken make excellent treats for ferrets. A rare piece of fruit or vegetable is okay too. But avoid hard fruits and vegetables such as carrots that can cause blockages. Pet stores have some okay options as well most of which are very safe for ferrets. Experiment and see which treats your ferret really enjoys.